Australian Pulse Bulletin
Chickpea fungicide guide: 2017 season
After a reasonable autumn break for sowing crops, conditions in many regions have become cold and dry, with foggy and frosty mornings. There have already been reports of ascochyta blight developing in some chickpea crops in northern NSW, as the fungus needs only limited moisture to develop (heavy dews often provide enough moisture). Against best management practice some crops have been planted into paddocks that had previous chickpea crops without a rotational break crop, so the levels of inoculum are extremely high after the wet year in 2016. In these cases, even chickpea varieties that are rated as resistant will be requiring early fungicide protection, to protect the leaves and stems from infection. With good access for ground sprayers this year, allowing for high water rates and canopy penetration, timely fungicide application will give the crop the best chance of a high yield.
Foliar fungicides will help manage the chickpea diseases ascochyta blight (AB) and botrytis grey mould (BGM), but when to commence a fungicide program and how often to spray, depends on the varietal resistance, weather conditions and the potential yield of the crop. Pulse Australia have a number of Minor Use Permits from APVMA in place for 2017 to help growers with disease control and these are shown in the table below along with all the current registered products.
Fungal disease control is based on protection of plants rather than curing infections. The first fungicide application must be applied as early as necessary to minimise the establishment of the disease. Additional applications are required if conditions favour the disease.
Fungicides remain effective for approximately 10–14 days under ideal conditions. Keep in mind that all new growth after spraying is unprotected. Timing of fungicide applications is critical. An application in advance of a rain front provides maximum protection. Delaying application until after a rain front reduces efficacy significantly, as rainfall will rapidly spread disease.
With high levels of inoculum in many paddocks after the wet season in 2016, a protective fungicide application soon after crop emergence may be required. Close monitoring for early symptoms will improve disease management.
The need for repeated fungicide applications depends on the growth stage of the crop, the time since the last fungicide application and the likelihood of further conditions favouring disease development. Unprotected crops may be quickly defoliated and destroyed by the infection. Varieties that are susceptible to AB will require multiple sprays through the season, while varieties with moderate susceptibility to AB will require at least 3–4 sprays over the season.
For more detailed information on disease management:
- Chickpea: Integrated disease management
- CropPro chickpea crop disease manual
- Fungicide resistance in grain crops (including pulses)
Ascochyta blight on chickpea pod (G Cumming)
'Ghosting' caused by ascochyta blight on chickpea leaves (SARDI)
Botrytis grey mould (P Davis)
Fungicide Minor Use Permits for chickpea
- PER81533 Custodia / Ascochyta blight, grey mould / Current to 30-Sep-2017
- PER81406 Captan / Ascochyta blight, chocolate spot, grey mould / Current to 30-Sep-2018
- PER82964 Prosaro 420 / Ascochyta blight, grey mould / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER82976 Sumisclex 500 (Procymidone 500 g/L) / Botrytis grey mould / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER830031 Filian (Boscalid) / Botrytis / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER83068 Titan (Azoxystrobolin 120 + Cyprodinal 80) / Ascochyta / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER84461 Solaris (Cyprodinal 300 g/L) / Ascochyta blight / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER84336 Procymidone [500 g/L and 800 g/L] / Botrytis grey mould / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER84407 Prosaro 420 SC / Ascochyta blight / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER84309 Azoxystrobin + cyproconazole (all products) / Ascochyta blight / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER84408 Boscalid / Chickpeas And Lentils / Botrytis Grey Mould / Current to 30-Nov-2017
Fungicides registered for use on chickpea
|Chickpea Foliar Fungicide
||Trade Name example
||CC Barrack 720
||Permit 1.0–2.0 L/ha
||CC Captan 900
||Permit 1.1 kg/ha
||Permit 1.1 kg/ha
||CC Captan 800
||Permit 1.25 kg/ha
||Permit 1.25 kg/ha
||Permit 500 mL/ha
|Prothioconazole 210 + Tebuconazole 210
||Permit 600–700 mL/ha
|Azoxystrobolin 120 + Tebuconazole 200
||Permit 1.0 L/ha
||Permit 1.0 L/ha
||Permit 1.2 kg/ha
|Azoxystrobolin 120 + Cyprodinal 80
||Permit 400 mL/ha
|Bixafen + Prothioconazole
Many of the Minor Use Permits have short term expiry dates (e.g. 30/11/2017)
NR = Not Registered
Read the LabelAs with any chemical application, care should be taken to observe all the label conditions for each product. Some label advice is different for each state or region, so for best results, it is important that this is followed. Many of our pulse crops are exported for human consumption, so market access is dependent on having the product free of chemical residues. Australian has a reputation for providing clean and safe produce so it is vital that this is maintained by using chemicals according to regulations. All permits have label recommendations for use rate and withholding periods (WHP) that must be observed so grain will comply with Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) allowable for market access.
Support and funding acknowledgement
Information provided in this guide was correct at the time of the date shown below. No responsibility is accepted by Pulse Australia for any commercial outcomes from the use of information contained in this guide.
The information herein has been obtained from sources considered reliable but its accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. No liability or responsibility is accepted for any errors or for any negligence, omissions in the contents, default or lack of care for any loss or damage whatsoever that may arise from actions based on any material contained in this publication.
Readers who act on this information do so at their own risk.
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Last updated: 6 July 2017