Australian Pulse Bulletin
Lentil fungicide guide: 2017 season
After a reasonable autumn break for sowing crops, conditions in many regions have become cool and dry, with foggy and frosty mornings. Growers should be aware of any changes to varietal resistance against ascochyta blight (AB) and botrytis grey mould (BGM) as this may influence fungicide decisions. With good access for ground sprayers this year, allowing for high water rates and canopy penetration, timely fungicide application will give the crop the best chance of a high yield.
Foliar fungicides will help manage the lentil diseases AB and BGM, but when to commence a fungicide program and how often to spray, depends on the varietal resistance, weather conditions and the potential yield of the crop.
Pulse Australia have a number of Minor Use Permits from APVMA in place for 2017 to help growers with disease control and these are shown in the table below along with all the current registered products. It is particularly important to observe all the conditions set out in these permits for use in lentils as they are all being grown for the human consumption markets, here and overseas, and market access depends on the strict delivery standards and residue limits. There is no secondary market for lentils if these standards are not met.
Fungal disease control is based on protection of plants rather than curing infections. The first fungicide application must be applied as early as necessary to minimise the establishment of the disease. In lentils this coincides with canopy closure. Additional applications may be required if conditions favour the disease.
Fungicides remain effective for approximately 10–14 days under ideal conditions. Keep in mind that all new growth after spraying is unprotected. Timing of fungicide applications is critical. An application in advance of a rain front provides maximum protection. Delaying application until after a rain front reduces efficacy significantly as diseases can be rapidly spread by rain. Close monitoring for early symptoms will assist good disease management decisions.
The need for repeated fungicide applications depends on the growth stage of the crop, the time since the last fungicide application and the likelihood of further conditions favouring disease development. Unprotected crops may be severely affected by disease impacting on yield and grain quality particularly in wet springs.
For more detailed information on disease management:
- Lentil: Integrated disease management
- CropPro lentil disease manual
- Fungicide resistance in grain crops (including pulses)
Botrytis affecting a susceptible variety (W. Hawthorne)
Botrytis on lentil pod (W. Hawthorne)
Ascochyta on lentil leaves (J Davidson).
Minor Use Permits for fungicide on lentils
- PER84407 Prosaro 420 SC / Ascochyta blight / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER81533 Custodia / Ascochyta blight, grey mould / Current to 30-Sep-2017
- PER81406 Captan / Ascochyta blight, chocolate spot, grey mould / Current to 30-Sep-2018
- PER84309 Azoxystrobin + cyproconazole (all products) / Ascochyta blight / Current to 30-Nov-2017
- PER84408 Boscalid / Chickpeas And Lentils / Botrytis Grey Mould / Current to 30-Nov-2017
Fungicides registered for disease control in lentils
|Lentil Foliar Fungicide
||Trade Name example
||Botrytis grey mould
||CC Barrack 720
||Permit 1.0–2.0 L/ha
||CC Captan 900
||Permit 1.1 kg/ha
||Permit 1.1 kg/ha
||CC Captan 800
||Permit 1.25 kg/ha
||Permit 1.25 kg/ha
|Prothioconazole210 + Tebuconazole 210
||Permit 600–700 mL/ha
|Azoxystrobolin120 + Tebuconazole 200
||Permit 1.0 L/ha
||Permit 1.0 L/ha
||Permit 1.2 kg/ha
|Azoxystrobolin120 + Cyproconazole
||Permit 400 mL/ha
Many of the Minor Use Permits have short term expiry dates (e.g. 30/11/2017)
NR = Not Registered
Read the LabelAs with any chemical application, care should be taken to observe all the label conditions for each product. Some label advice is different for each state or region, so for best results, it is important that this is followed. Many of our pulse crops are exported for human consumption, so market access is dependent on having the product free of chemical residues. Australian has a reputation for providing clean and safe produce so it is vital that this is maintained by using chemicals according to regulations. All permits have label recommendations for use rate and withholding periods (WHP) that must be observed so grain will comply with Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) allowable for market access.
Support and funding acknowledgement
Information provided in this guide was correct at the time of the date shown below. No responsibility is accepted by Pulse Australia for any commercial outcomes from the use of information contained in this guide.
The information herein has been obtained from sources considered reliable but its accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. No liability or responsibility is accepted for any errors or for any negligence, omissions in the contents, default or lack of care for any loss or damage whatsoever that may arise from actions based on any material contained in this publication.
Readers who act on this information do so at their own risk.
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Last updated: 7 July 2017