Australian Pulse Bulletin
Lupin fungicide guide: 2019 season
Lupins are affected by several serious foliar fungus diseases including Lupin anthracnose (LA) and Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR). Others including Brown spot (Pleiochaeta setosa) and Phomopsis stem blight (Diaporthe toxica)are best managed by rotating paddocks to non-host crops, using resistant varieties or fungicide seed dressings and rarely cause economic damage.
Lupin anthracnose is a serious fungal disease that is found in several regions around Australia. Most recently an outbreak of the disease occurred in southern NSW in 2016, but the disease has been endemic in WA and SA since 1996.
Surveillance programs by NSW DPI Biosecurity and LLS in 2017-18 across NSW showed no signs of the disease re-developing and the restrictions have now been lifted to allow lupins to be grown across all areas.
Vigilant monitoring of lupin crops still needs to be carried out for this disease, and the five-point plan developed by NSW DPI to prevent establishment of the disease in NSW is strongly recommended for NSW producers.
Pulse Australia have Minor Use Permits from APVMA to help growers manage LA and SSR disease in lupin crops in some states, and these are shown in the table below along with all the currently registered products.
Decisions need to be made such as when to start the spray program and how often to spray, depending on the varietal resistance, the prevailing weather conditions and the potential yield of the crop.
Fungal disease control is based on protection of crops rather than curing existing outbreaks. The first fungicide application must be applied as early as necessary to minimise the establishment of the disease. Additional applications are required if the weather conditions favour disease establishment.
Fungicides remain effective for approximately 10-14 days, but keep in mind that all new growth after application is unprotected.
The need for repeated fungicide application depends on the amount of unprotected growth, the amount of rainfall since spraying and the likelihood of a further extended wet period.
Seasonal Conditions in 2019
Seasonal conditions have varied widely across Australian cropping areas. After a very hot and dry summer in many regions and variable autumn break for sowing crops, conditions in many regions have become cold and dry, with frosty mornings. In Central Qld conditions have been favourable for crop establishment, but Southern Qld and Northern NSW drought conditions have prevailed since 2017 in many areas, with prospects for winter crops again below average. South-eastern NSW has had some reasonable rainfall, slightly below average, and crops are progressing slowly. In South-West NSW though many crops are suffering moisture stress and are well below average. Victoria and South Australia have experienced average conditions to start but have had reasonable mid-season rainfall to get crops established well. Further rain will be needed in spring to finish these crops. In Western Australia the southern and eastern grain belts have again had a dry start, similar to 2018, but recent rainfall has improved prospects. These conditions have meant that diseases need to be monitored closely in many regions. Monitoring needs to be continued through the different growth stages of the crop. With good access for ground sprayers this year, allowing for high water rates and canopy penetration, timely fungicide application will give the crop the best chance of a high yield.
For more detailed information on disease management:
- Lupin best management guide
- CropPro lupin disease manual
- Fungicide resistance in grain crops (including pulses)
Minor Use Permits for fungicide on lupins
- PER82209 Chlorothalonil / Albus lupin / Anthracnose / Current to 30-Nov-2021 (NSW and WA)
- PER82240 Boscalid / Narrow-Leaf Lupins & Albus Lupins / Sclerotinia Stem Rot (White Mould) / Current to 30-Sep-2020 (WA only)
- PER82261 Iprodione / Narrow-Leaf Lupins & Albus Lupins / Sclerotinia Stem Rot (White Mould) / Current to 30-Sep-2020 (WA only)
Fungicides registered for disease control in lupins
|Lupin Foliar Fungicide
||Trade Name example
||Botrytis grey mould
||Permit 2.0 L/ha
||Permit 1.5 L/ha
||Permit 1.1 L/ha
||Permit 0.4–1.0 kg/ha (WA only)
||Permit 1.0–1.5 L/ha (WA only)
||Permit 2.0–3.0 L/ha (WA only)
|Tebuconazole + Azoxystrobin
Many of the Minor Use Permits have short term expiry dates (e.g. 30/11/2017)
NR = Not Registered
Read the LabelAs with any chemical application, care should be taken to observe all the label conditions for each product. Some label advice is different for each state or region, so for best results, it is important that this is followed. Many of our pulse crops are exported for human consumption, so market access is dependent on having the product free of chemical residues. Australian has a reputation for providing clean and safe produce so it is vital that this is maintained by using chemicals according to regulations. All permits have label recommendations for use rate and withholding periods (WHP) that must be observed so grain will comply with Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) allowable for market access.
Support and funding acknowledgement
Information provided in this guide was correct at the time of the date shown below. No responsibility is accepted by Pulse Australia for any commercial outcomes from the use of information contained in this guide.
The information herein has been obtained from sources considered reliable but its accuracy and completeness cannot be guaranteed. No liability or responsibility is accepted for any errors or for any negligence, omissions in the contents, default or lack of care for any loss or damage whatsoever that may arise from actions based on any material contained in this publication.
Readers who act on this information do so at their own risk.
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Last updated: 4 September 2019